报告表明大多数纽约州零售商守法经营
2008年09月26日来源:烟草在线据《邮政期刊》报道编译

  烟草在线据《邮政期刊》报道编译  据纽约州卫生部的报告称,将近93%的销售烟草产品的零售商遵守禁止向未满18岁的未成年人销售烟草产品的法令。

  据《2006-07年青少年接触烟草强制项目年度报告》显示,自从该州的烟草强制项目从10年前开展以来,守法率很高。

  “向未成年人销售的零售商数量大幅下降,使我很受鼓舞,”州卫生委员Richard F. Daines博士说。“但是由于目前大约90%的成年烟民是从青少年的时候开始吸烟的,因此我们不会满足,直到所有的零售商守法为止。”

  《青少年烟草使用预防法》要求零售商获得购烟人年龄超过18岁的正面证明。违法的零售商将被罚款。多次违法将使他们丧失烟草销售注册和彩票销售许可证。

  强制措施旨在使青少年更不易接触到烟草产品,这是纽约州整个8500万美元全州反烟和控烟活动的一部分,还包括媒体活动、戒烟补助和对团体活动的支持。

  《青少年接触烟草强制项目》报告,在2006-07年期间,对37,814名烟草零售商的守法检查中,对2300多名向未成年人销售烟草产品的零售商强制执法,罚款超过了160万美元。该州零售商违法率为7.6%,是违法率最低的州。

  检查员开展了将近1万次的访问,以确定对该法令所要求引导标识规定的遵守情况,教育零售商,核实零售机受到监管,并且位于符合法律规定的位置,并且对抱怨、要求,以及州税收和财政部门登记所需要的条件进行调查。

  在2006年10月1日到2007年9月30日的报告期间,608名烟草零售商销售烟草产品的注册被税收和财政部门暂停6个月,因为他们多次向未成年人销售烟草产品。还有149个彩票代理许可证被吊销6个月,因为多次向未成年人销售烟草产品。而上一年,475个零售商的烟草注册被暂停,147个彩票许可证被暂停。

  在1997年到2007年,对29,920名向未成年人销售烟草的零售商罚款2160多万美元。在此期间,375,968名零售商守法,263,050名为试图购买烟草产品的未成年人提供帮助。

  对第一次向未满18岁的人出售卷烟或者其他烟草产品的违法者,最低罚款为300美元,最高为1000美元。多次违法的罚款为500美元到1500美元。注册被暂停或者被撤销的零售商销售烟草产品被罚款2500美元,并且永久撤销他们销售烟草产品的注册。

Most N.Y. Retailers Complying With Tobacco Laws

The Post-Journal

  ALBANY - Nearly 93 percent of retailers who sell tobacco are complying with the law that forbids the sale of tobacco products to youth under the age of 18, according to a State Health Department report.

  Compliance with the law is at the highest rates since the department's Tobacco Enforcement Program began 10 years ago, according to the 2006-07 Youth Access Tobacco Enforcement Program annual report.

  "I am very encouraged that retail tobacco sales to underage youth have decreased significantly," said Dr. Richard F. Daines, state health commissioner. "But since an estimated 90 percent of adult smokers today began smoking as teenagers, we will not be satisfied until all retailers comply with the law."

  The Adolescent Tobacco Use Prevention Act requires retailers to obtain positive proof that the person buying cigarettes is over the age of 18. Retailers found in violation of the law are subject to fines. Repeated violations can result in the loss of their tobacco registration and lottery license.

  Enforcement measures aimed at making tobacco products less accessible to minors are a part of New York state's comprehensive, $85-million statewide anti-smoking and tobacco control program that also includes media campaigns, cessation assistance, and support for community action.

  During 2006-07, the Youth Access Tobacco Enforcement Program reported 37,814 compliance inspections of tobacco retailers, resulting in more than 2,300 enforcement actions taken for sales of tobacco products to minors and more than $1.6 million in assessed fines. The state retail non-compliance rate of 7.6 percent is the lowest rate ever.

  Inspectors conducted nearly 10,000 visits to determine compliance with required signage about the law, to educate retailers, to verify vending machine supervision and location compliance, and to investigate complaints, requirements and state Department of Taxation and Finance registration requirements.

  During the reporting period of Oct. 1, 2006, to Sept. 30, 2007, 608 tobacco retailers' registrations to sell tobacco products were suspended by the state Department of Taxation and Finance for six months as a result of multiple enforcement actions for selling tobacco to underage youth. There were also 149 lottery agent licenses suspended for six months for multiple sales to minors. This compares with 475 retailer tobacco registration suspensions and 147 lottery license suspensions during the previous year.

  Between 1997 and 2007, more than $21.6 million in fines were levied against 29,920 retailers for selling tobacco to minors. Of the 375,968 compliance inspections conducted during that period, 263,050 were conducted with the assistance of minors attempting to purchase tobacco products.

  Civil fines for first-time violators who sell cigarettes or other tobacco products to individuals under age 18 are set at a minimum of $300 and a maximum of $1,000. Fines for repeat violators are $500 to $1,500. Retail dealers who sell tobacco products while their registration is suspended or revoked face a fine of $2,500 and permanent revocation of their registration to sell tobacco.

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